Why Diabetes Prevention Program in Bangladesh?

Diabetes Epidemis

Population 20-79 yrs 2007 2010
DM prevalence (%) 5.3 6.6
DM number (million) 3.9 5.7
IGT prevalence (%) 8.9 8.9
Deaths due to DM -10th leading cause of death 73000+ (10% of all deaths) 100000+
Expenditure per diabetic person (USD) 19 21
Rank in term of diabetic population by 2030 – 8th position (10.4 million)
Important characteristics – most of the diabetes are type 2 diabetes, early age, lean diabetes
Bangladeshi people, among the entire South Asians immigrant in USA and UK, have the highest mortality and attack rate from diabetes and coronary heart rate.
Source: Diabetes Atlas (4th Edition,09)



Place in top chart

2000 2030
Ranking Country People with diabetes(millions) Country People with diabetes(millions)
1 India 31.7 India 79.4
2 China 20.8 China 42.3
3 U.S 17.7 U.S 30.3
4 Indonesia 8.4 Indonesia 21.3
5 Japan 6.8 Pakistan 13.9
6 Pakistan 5.2 Brazil 11.3
7 Russian Federation 4.6 Bangladesh 11.1
8 Brazil 4.6 Japan 8.9
9 Italy 4.3 Philippines 7.8
10 Bangladesh 3.2 Egypt 6.7
Source: WHO

Diabetes Risk Factors in Bangladesh?

  • Rapid unplanned urbanisation
  • Changing lifestyle
  • Increase in ageing population
  • Obesity
  • Malnutrition
  • Maternal under nutrition
  • Low birth weight
  • Environmental pollution
  • Lack of awareness